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These days storage space has become an issue in our daily life, it is no longer
documents alone that cover lest space, we now store video, audio, images and all other sorts of data that take a lot space. So let’s look how we can add more space in our computer.

Before we start the process of adding a drive, we need to do a small amount of research inside your machine. The goal of the research is to find out if it will be easy or not so easy to add the new hard drive. We also need to find out what kind of drive you need to buy. You may be able to do this research by reading through your computer's manuals, but it is far easier to simply open the case and look inside, since most of these machines are assembled.

Read More The first question to answer is: How many hard disk drives have already been installed inside the case? In the majority of machines, the answer to this question is "one." Having only one hard disk drive installed makes it easy to install another one. After you open up your computer's case and look inside, you will probably find one optical drive (a CD or DVD drive), a single hard disk drive and perhaps a floppy disk drive. The optical and floppy drives will be easy to find because you can see them on the outside of the case. The hard drive may take a little searching. If you have no idea what a hard drive looks like, look at the photo above.
If there are already two drives installed inside your case, then adding a new one is more difficult.

Is there space available to add another hard-disk drive? Your current hard disk is probably mounted in a small metal cage or rack inside the machine. Make sure there is space available in the cage for another drive. If not, adding an external drive is an option.¬
An external drive connects to your computer through either a USB 2.0 connection or a FireWire connection, so your computer needs to have USB 2.0 or FireWire connectors. Once you buy the drive, all you have to do is connect it and fire up your computer. The drive will come with configuration instructions, but on Windows XP it will likely be plug-and-play. You can start saving files on your new drive immediately.

There is one big advantage to an external drive: you can plug it into multiple machines and move files around. You can take it with you anywhere you go. The only real disadvantage is that it will be slower than an internal drive. If it takes a minute to copy a gigabyte of data on an internal drive, it might take two minutes on an external drive. That may or may not be important depending on what you want to do. For most applications, the slower speed is irrelevant.

Find out what type of cable system is used to connect drives to the motherboard. There are two systems in common use: IDE drives (also known as PATA, or Parallel ATA), and SATA (Serial ATA) drives. PATA drives have wide, flat cables or thick cables as wide as your finger, while SATA drives have thin cables about the diameter of a pencil. You will need to know whether to buy an IDE or SATA drive, and you should be able to tell by looking at the cables.
Now that you have confirmed that there is space to install a new drive in your machine and you know what type of drive you need (PATA or SATA), you can buy a new drive.




You can buy a new hard drive from many different places: a retail store, a large computer store, a local computer parts store or by mail order. Wherever you go to buy it buy it, keep three things in mind:

  • Buy a "normal" 3.5-inch wide hard drive. They're sold everywhere, but you want to avoid the smaller hard disk drives made for laptops.
  • Make sure the new drive has the correct cable system (SATA or PATA) to match your machine.
  • Make sure the drive is big. Buy the biggest drive you can afford, because it will probably fill up before you know it.

Before we start working with the drive, we need to talk about static electricity. Your computer is highly sensitive to static shocks. This means that if you build up static electricity on your body and a shock passes from your body to something like a hard drive, that hard drive is dead and you will have to buy another one. ¬
The way to eliminate static electricity is by grounding yourself. There are lots of ways to do this, but probably the easiest way is to wear a grounding bracelet on your wrist. Then you connect the bracelet to something grounded (like a copper pipe or the center screw on a wall outlet's face plate). By connecting yourself to ground, you eliminate the possibility of static shock. You can get a bracelet for a few dollars.
First, set the jumpers (if it is an IDE drive). Let's talk about this in more detail, because most people have IDE drives.
In the IDE system, most motherboards allow you to have two IDE cables. Each cable can connect to two drives. Usually you use one cable to connect one or two optical drives to your machine. The other cable is used to connect one or two hard drives to your machine.
You want both hard drives to be on the same cable. The two drives on the cable are called "master" and "slave." You want your existing hard drive (which contains the operating system and all of your current data) to be the "master" and the new hard drive to be the "slave." The drive should have instructions on them that tell you how to set the jumpers for master and slave. So read the instructions and set the jumpers. If you are using SATA drives, you do not need to set jumpers for master and slave because each drive gets its own cable.
Now that the jumpers are set correctly, mount the new drive in your drive cage and screw it into place.

Next, plug in the drive's power connector to the power supply. If it fits, then it's a match.
Connect the IDE or SATA cable to the drive.
Close the machine, power it up and configure your new drive using the Windows XP drive administration tool. To do this, click the Start button, open the Control Panel, Switch to Classic View, click on Administrative Tools, click on Computer Management, click on Disk Management.
Look at the graphical area in the bottom right of this display. Disk 0 is your original hard drive. Disk 1 is the new hard drive. Chances are that the new drive will not be initialized, or formatted. Click the small button to initialize the drive, and then format it as an NTFS volume (right click on the new drive, then click “Format...”). Formatting may take an hour or more, so be patient.
When the formatting is done, you are ready to use your new drive.

Any Cisco router you have around you say Cisco 1000, 1600, 2500, 2600, And 3600 Series Routers. Any cisco router you have the below configurations will be able to workout. These configurations will help you connect your LAN onto internet, Provide basic security to your Local Area Network (LAN) so that no other network connects if not defined in the configs. 
I will go straight to what I have around me to have this configuration done successfully.

Today is your luck dear my dear friend. I have decided to share a few tricks I know in Windows XP. Are you ready for an adventure? Ok follow me!!

1. Total Uptime
This shows how long XP has been up. Go to the Command Prompt (Start -> Run ->cmd -> type systeminfo ) then type 'systeminfo'. The computer will produce a lot of useful info, including the uptime. If you want to keep these, type 'systeminfo > info.txt into the command prompt. This creates a file called info.txt which is saved in local disk C:/ in Notepad. Read More

2. Lock XP
You can lock your XP workstation with two clicks of the mouse. Create a new shortcut on your desktop using a right-click button on the mouse, and enter 'rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation' in the location field. Give the shortcut a name you like "lockme or shutup or anything to help you remember". That's it -- just double click on it and your computer will be locked. And if that's not easy enough, Windows key + L will do the same.

Sometimes when troubleshooting a Windows XP problem, you need to enter Safe Mode. Typically, you would press the F8 key during the boot process to enter Windows XP Safe Mode but that can be very difficult in some cases depending on the problem you're having.
This simple tip will get you into the Windows XP Safe Mode a whole lot easier using the System Configuration Utility, sometimes called "msconfig".

Here's How:

  1. Click on Start and then Run.
  2. In the text box in the Run window, type msconfig and click OK. This will open the System Configuration Utility program.
  3. Click on the BOOT.INI tab located at the top of the System Configuration Utility window.
  4. Check the checkbox next to /SAFEBOOT and click OK.safeboot
  5. You will then be prompted to either Restart, which will restart the PC immediately, or Exit without Restart, which will close the window and allow you to restart the PC manually later.
  6. After the restart, the PC will automatically boot into Windows XP Safe Mode.
    Note: Windows XP will continue to boot into Safe Mode until the System Configuration Utility is configured to again boot normally.
  7. When your work in Safe Mode is complete, click on Start and then run. Type msconfig -> uncheck /SAFEBOOT option and click OK. Make sure you do the step 7 when done with safe mode, otherwise your computer will always start in safe mode.

4. System Administration
Most cases when your windows operating system is too slow to access the control panel or you have been hit by a virus that keeps you from doing any administrative tasks or you just want a shortcut to perform a system core task at hand. Windows has a system configuration utility that allows editing of your system in a few easy steps
1. Click start and then run
2. In the text box in the Run window, type msconfig and click OK. This will open the System Configuration Utility program.
3. On top of the system configuration utility you have the following tabs
- General
- System
- Win
- Boot
- Services

- Startup
- Tools system administration








- Whatever is listed above can help you to do a lot of systems administration from the way it starts and behaves to shutdown.

5.Common Shortcuts

Windows Key   Opens the Start menu
Windows Key + E   Opens My Computer in Windows Explorer
Windows Key + Pause/Break   Opens the System Properties dialog box
Windows Key + U   Opens the Utility Manager
Windows Key + R   Opens the Run… prompt
Windows Key + F   Opens the Search for Files and Folder window
Windows Key + Ctrl + F   Opens the search for computers on the network
Windows Key + M   Minimize all windows
Windows Key + Shift + M   Maximize all windows (after minimizing them)
Windows Key + D   Minimize all windows to the desktop, and then restore all Windows
Windows Key + L   Lock Computer
Windows Key + Tab   Cycle through the open programs on the Taskbar
Windows Key + B   Selects the first item in the System Tray; use the arrow keys to cycle through the items
Alt + Tab   Switch between open programs
Alt + F4 (in a program)   Closes the program


Before I unleash the cool steps of configuring a belkin router, I must inform you that I carried out my experiments with an old version of belkin “Wireless G router”. But right now on market we have quite a number of new versions of a belkin wireless router.

Step 1: Get yourself a UTP Ethernet cable; plug your router into power (ofcourse I know you know this…right?).
Connect your Ethernet cable into any of the 4 LAN ports on the wireless router.
Configure your laptop with an IP Address “”.
NOTE: The default configured network on the Belkin router is “” and the belkin router has an IP Address of by default.

It high time you  improve your skills in website designing using the best sofwares (both free and commercial ones), visit websites with free java scripts, buttons, Php codes, tutorials and also if possible you can get website templates (It can be for dynamic or Static website) with flash capabilities.

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